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Armenian Women Take The Political Stage

Their work constructed the foundations for the Northern Ireland peace process and for girls’s peace movements around the world. In 1976, they earned the Nobel Peace Prize for their contributions. A woman gestures as Armenian special police forces block a avenue during an opposition rally in central Yerevan on April 16, 2018. Her stays are the second burial discovered in Armenia that gives evidence on female warriors. As Khudaverdyan notes, evidence suggests that Urartian kings fought with the enemy along with their wives, probably serving as the “prototype of the Amazons,” the Greek fantasy of the tribe of warrior women that supposedly got here from the Caucasus, which Armenia is a part of.

The Assyrian Genocide

Second, in Azerbaijan, the response to the Women for Peace initiative has been uneven, with some groups within the peace-constructing group noting their help whereas first lady-turned-Vice President Mehriban Aliyeva condemned the effort. Still, regardless of a broad crackdown on political freedom, growing home stress and worldwide condemnation might push the government to permit apparently low-threat initiatives like women-to-women cooperation to flourish. First, in Armenia and Azerbaijan, the process has up to now been dominated by the governing elites and the international negotiators, who’ve labored in secrecy. But after the Velvet Revolution in Armenia, elites on either side have shown willingness to open negotiations to civil society groups working throughout the conflict traces. Yet even as Armenian politics has opened up, the absence of girls from diplomatic efforts to resolve the battle over Nagorno-Karabakh has continued.

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The gender hole is apparent within the history of illuminated manuscripts, which emerged in Armenia greater than 1,500 years in the past. “Women have only a few alternatives,” Baum mentioned, noting domestic and beauty expectations for Armenian women. The challenges faced by Hakobyan’s initiative are considerably comparable. She has stopped in need of calling for ladies’s full participation in determination-making or for gender equality within the area, instead focusing on nonviolent advocacy.

While women make up greater than half of Armenia’s inhabitants, they won just 12 of 131 seats within the final parliamentary elections in 2012. Men’s average monthly wage is more than armenian girls one-and-a-half times that of girls. The 2010 report by the World Economic Forum ranked Armenia 106 out of 131 international locations for political illustration and empowerment of women.

In 2018, simply over half of Armenia’s inhabitants fell below the poverty rate. This indicated a big decline within the rate of starvation since 1999 when over 4-fifths of Armenia’s population subsisted below the poverty line. Gayane Ghandilyan Arakelyan is the CEO of Digital Pomegranate, certainly one of many Armenian tech companies run by women. Her rise to power coincided with the coronavirus pandemic; she quickly developed options to confront it. Yes, the merchandise is digitized.Please use the digital picture rather than requesting the original. All pictures may be considered at a big measurement when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail photographs can be found when you are outdoors the Library of Congress as a result of the merchandise is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.

More than 300 Armenian women from different political events, civic organizations, authorities businesses and geographic areas got here collectively for a two-day convention in Yerevan last month to discuss policy solutions to the challenges all of them face. Together, they known as for growing women’s political and financial participation, better access to well being care and a discount in home violence. With a watch to the longer term, Arakelyan is representative of a generation of Armenian women who are targeted on making a significant, substantial changes in Armenia. Arakelyan’s Digital Pomegranate is at present developing a tourist app, which Arakelyan hopes will reinvigorate Armenia’s tourism industry in a submit-pandemic Armenia. In face of adversity, positive forces are working collectively in Armenia to deliver about a flourishing economic system with women at the forefront. Armenia’s tech industry employs over 10% extra women than the mixed common of the remainder of the world in that very same business.

During the Velvet Revolution in April of that yr, the participation of girls in massive numbers helped hold the motion peaceful. Because it was peaceable, Armenians had been comfortable coming out in massive numbers. And as a result of the revolution was so broad-based mostly, the democracy it installed is extra more likely to final. Last month, Anna Hakobyan, Armenia’s new journalist-turned-first-spouse, touted a excessive-profile new public diplomacy effort, the “Women for Peace” initiative, in Washington, having launched the motion in Moscow final year. For inspiration, Hakobyan has reached again to Northern Ireland within the 1970s. There, with little formal effort to reconcile strange Protestants and Catholics, the capturing in Belfast of three children galvanized two women, Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan, to spearhead a peace movement led by native mothers and women from across the political and religious divide.

Which Armenian Women Artists Ought To We Start Attending To Know, And Why?

Finally, public diplomacy efforts, particularly these spearheaded by high-profile local personalities, have mixed monitor records. The 1990s experience of the African First Ladies Peace Mission, a corporation of spouses of African heads of state, initially targeted on promoting women in peace-constructing throughout the continent. Two many years on, the mission’s ambitious agenda has been gradual to yield results. Lack of visibility, low standing, and limited goals are some of the areas which have diluted its impression.

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or cost permission fees to be used of such materials and can’t grant or deny permission to publish or in any other case distribute the fabric. Tied to the Armenian alphabet’s formation, in addition to the nation’s religiosity , the manuscripts had been regularly developed by monks. Upon visiting the nation for the primary time with a friend, National Geographic photographer John Stanmeyer, in 2016, Baum discovered that feminine disconnection from illuminated manuscripts centuries in the past had been passed down to right now’s Armenian women; Baum couldn’t discover a book artist amongst them. This style of creative exclusivity is the first cause why Baum, who just isn’t Armenian, has remained dedicated to promoting personal narrative writing and bookmaking to women in Gyumri, where she hopes to return later in 2019. Her residencies have led to dozens of women both showing and selling their work.

Violence In Opposition To Women

Anahit KhudaverdyanDuring her time, the Kingdom of Urarti, or Bianili, was an “unusual developed culture” flourishing within the Armenian Highland from the 9thcentury BCE to 585 BE. Strategically situated between Europe and Asia, it is probably that the society had contacts with main empires of the ancient world. Defensive architecture suggests that the city likely skilled warfare and concern of assault. As soon as they handed eight or 10, boys rode on horseback and hunted deer, buffalo, and mountain goats in much the same method that they used for defensive functions. Radiocarbon courting of the artifacts situated in and around her grave point out that she was probably a girl of stature. “During the fight, the girl had been most likely uncovered to direct blows to the defensive protect , or direct blows when the forearm was used to ward off the blow,” study creator Anahit Khudaverdyan informed IFLScience.